Cranioplasty is the surgical repair of a bone defect in the skull that’s left behind after a previous operation or injury. There are different kinds of cranioplasties, but most involve lifting the scalp and restoring the contour of the skull with the original skull piece or a custom contoured graft made from material such as
- Titanium (plate or mesh)
- Synthetic bone substitute
- Acrylic (prefabricated or molded at the time of surgery)
Why might a doctor recommend a cranioplasty?
Cranioplasty might be performed for any of the following reasons:
- Protection: In certain places, a cranial defect can leave the brain vulnerable to damage.
- Function: Cranioplasty may improve neurological function for some patients.
- Aesthetics: A noticeable skull defect can affect a patient’s appearance and confidence.
- Headaches: Cranioplasty can reduce headaches due to previous surgery or injury.